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Project Name

Sustainable Land and Water Management Project (SLWMP)

GEF Implementing Agency

World Bank


To improve food security in Northern Ghana using an ecosystem approach that builds on the existing systems and capacities developed through the SLWMP.


Isaac Charles Acquah


Kingsley Amoako


Project Targets

9,000 ha

land under integrated and sustainable management

45,411,136 MtCO2e

GHG emissions avoided or reduced


beneficiary households




Stakeholders engaged

In Ghana, the agricultural sector is the largest source of employment and is dominated by smallholder farmers. Less than one percent of cultivated land is irrigated, making agricultural yields highly dependent on rainfall. Although the south of the country experiences two rainy seasons, Northern Ghana, like its neighbouring Sahelian countries, experiences long periods of drought and increasingly erratic rainfall patterns as a result of climate change. There is also a growing divide between those living in the urban areas of the south, where poverty and hunger have been reduced, and those living in the north, where households experience high levels of poverty and food insecurity and have limited access to economic opportunities.

The RFS Ghana project, SLWMP, supports a comprehensive landscape approach to sustainable land and watershed management in Northern Ghana, with planning activities targeted at management of ecosystems at the landscape level, and improved food security and poverty reduction at the community level. The project builds on previous GEF investments in the region, which have benefited over 24,000 people, and helped to reinforce national capacities in spatial planning and implement local platforms at watershed and community levels. 

 The project aims to generate triple-win situations that combine agricultural productivity enhancement of ecosystem services and improvements of livelihoods, incomes, and food security. 

The project is structured around three principal components: 

  1. Integrating spatial planning within the Northern Savannah zone;
  2. Implementing Sustainable Land and Water Management (SLWM) focused on systems, capacity, and monitoring; and
  3. Establishing an effective and functional knowledge management, learning, and monitoring and assessment system. Implementing SLWM in micro-watersheds (sub-projects), including national SLWM and Payment for Environmental Services monitoring and management of riparian and other biological corridors. 

The project aims to meet the following targets: 

Capacity for integrated spatial planning is developed.

  • Produce an integrated spatial development framework for the Northern Savannah zone. 

Sustainable land and water management interventions are implemented.

  • Develop community watershed plans for 244 communities.
  • Reforest 1060 ha. of targeted forest reserves.
  • Bring 72,716 ha. under sustainable management plans.
  • Establish and operationalise 347 community governance structures.

An effective and functional knowledge management, learning, and monitoring and assessment system is established.

  • Establish a monitoring and evaluation system that provides data in a timely manner. 

The project is implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (the project coordinating entity) together with the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Wildlife Division, and the Forest Services Division of the Forestry Commission. At the national level, the project engages the National Sustainable Land Management Committee, which is responsible for providing overall guidance for implementation of the Ghana Strategic Investment Framework for SLM funded through the TerrAfrica Program. 

Project Activities

Each RFS country project conducts activities that fall under common thematic areas within the programme. Explore each project theme relevant to the RFS Ghana country project below to see which activities are being implemented under each theme.

Relevant Resources

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