Strengthening the enabling environment for sustainable agriculture: Lessons from RFS country projects
28 November 2022
Reversing Land Degradation trends and increasing Food Security in degraded ecosystems of semi-arid areas of central Tanzania (LDFS)
GEF Implementing Agency
To reverse land degradation trends in central Tanzania and Pemba (Zanzibar) through sustainable land and water management and ecosystem-based adaptation.
land under integrated and sustainable management
GHG emissions avoided or reduced
Tanzania is home to nearly 600 terrestrial species that are classified as vulnerable, of which 291 are endangered and 91 critically endangered. However, land degradation, agricultural expansion, fires and unsustainable land use practices have resulted in significant degradation of flora and fauna, as well as the destruction and degradation of land for agriculture and livestock. Consequently, productive land is becoming increasingly scarce.
Climate change is leading to prolonged dry spells, increasing temperatures, and decreasing total annual rainfall. Farmers are also reporting a delayed onset and increased intensity of the wet season. The unpredictability of rainfall has caused an increase in crop failure due to poor seed germination and seeds and crops being washed away. Similarly, livestock pastures are decreasing in size and the risk of parasites and diseases is increasing.
The RFS Tanzania project supports farmers in 22 villages located in the Kondoa, Mkalama, Nzega and Magu areas in mainland Tanzania and the Micheweni area in Zanzibar (Pemba Island). These project sites are located in two of the country’s main biomes, the humid Miombo ecosystem and the Rift Valley Highland ecosystem, each with unique natural resources and biodiversity.
The project is structured around three principal components:
The project aims to meet the following targets:
Capacity of customary, village and district institutions developed in Natural Resource Management and joint village land-use planning.
Sustainability of ecosystem services and food and nutrition security supported in five focus areas.
Monitor and assess progress related to sustaining ecosystem services.
The project is coordinated by the Vice President's Office (VPO) Division of Environment. Major stakeholders of the project include the District Executive Directors of respective project districts; Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MALF); Ministry of Water and Irrigation; Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism; Prime Minister's Office Regional Administration and Local Government; Ministry of Finance and Planning; and the National Land Use Planning Commission.
Each RFS country project conducts activities that fall under common thematic areas within the programme. Explore each project theme relevant to the RFS Tanzania country project below to see which activities are being implemented under each theme.
Stories from the Field
Explore our stories from the field to learn more about the activities, milestones, lessons learned, and achievements of the RFS Tanzania project.
We have a growing library of reports, briefs, case studies, media, tools and guidelines. Explore all resources related to the RFS Tanzania project to get greater insight into our programme activities.
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